For Information Specialists

Interpretations of Reference and Bibliographic Work

Howard D. White

MarciaJ. Bates

Patrick Wilson


1992, 320 pages

Published by Ablex Publishing Corporation, phone(201) 767-8450

Price: $49.50 hardcover; $24.50 paperback

ISBN: 0-89391-810-5 hardcover; ISBN: 0-89391-938-7 paperback


Table of Contents

1. A First Note

Howard D. White

 Reference Work

 

2. What Is a Reference Book?

Marcia J. Bates

3. Reference Books, Databases, and the Repertoire

Howard D. White

 Bibliographic Writing

 

4. Publication and Bibliographic Statements

Howard D. White

5. Rigorous Systematic Bibliography

Marcia J. Bates

6. Literary Forms in Information Work

Howard D. White

 Literature Searching

 

 7. Searching: Strategies and Evaluation

Patrick Wilson

 8. Search and Idea Tactics

Marcia J. Bates

 9. Tactics and Vocabularies in Online Searching

Marcia J. Bates

10. Pragmatic Bibliography

Patrick Wilson

 An Integrative View of the Field

 

 11. External Memory

Howard D. White

 

Detailed Table of Contents

 

A First Note Howard D. White

Introduction

Preview

 

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What Is a Reference Book? Marcia J Bates

 

Introduction
Current Definitions
Anticipating Critics
Needed Terminology
Files and Reference Books
Non-bibliographic Sources
Structure Related to Function
Problem Cases
Empirical Data from Three Libraries
Implications for Theory and Research

 

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Reference Books, Databases, and the Repertoire Howard D White

Introduction
Scanning, Reading, and Lookup
Matrix Structure
Measurement and Data
Records and Files
An Example--Matrixes of Books and People
Matrixes, Discourse, and Sorting
A Note to Skeptics
Indexes
Files and Databases
Elementary Queries for Searching Matrixes
Extending the Query Types
The Repertoire
The Interview
Categories in the Repertoire
Access field(s)
Ordering principle(s)
Additional fields of information
Special services
Subject areas
Geographic area and chronological period
Recency and physical location
Knowledge of Collections
Information Specialists as a Type

 

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Publication and Bibliographic Statements Howard D White

Publication
Writings
Works and Texts
Writings and Bibliography
Identification of Editions
Noncopiability and Subjects
Use-Historical Statements
Sales and subscriptions
Circulation and consultation

Citations

Locating Publications
Abstracts
Evaluations
The Bibliographic Work Force
Bibliographic Grades

Bibliographic Lives

 

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Rigorous Systematic Bibliography Marcia J Bates

Introduction
Glossing the Terms
The User's Standpoint
Bibliographic Control
Types of Specifications
Information Fields
Organization
Principles of Selection
Presentation of Specifications
Conclusion

 

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Literary Forms of Information Work:
Annotated Bibliographies, Bibliographic Essays, and Reviews of Literatures Howard D White

Lists vs. Essays
Prestige
Annotated Bibliographies vs. Bibliographic Essays
The Structure of Bibliographic Essays
Criticism in Bibliographic Essays
Unexceptionable Types
Reviews of Literatures
Reviews vs. Guides
Ministerial Relevance
Magisterial Relevance

 

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Searching: Strategies and Evaluation Patrick Wilson

What Are We Looking For?
What Strategy Shall We Adopt?
Browsing
Footnote Chasing
Citation Searching
Consultation
Indirect Search

Success
Relations Between Precision and Recall
Search Effectiveness and Efficiency
Problems in EstimatingSuccess
Pre-Search Search
Subject Indexes
Depth and Exhaustivity of Indexing
Specificity
Accuracy and Consistency of Indexing
Free-Text Indexes
Choice of Files Again
Which Index?
Manual vs Computer Search
Direct Approach
Widening a Search
Narrowing a Search.
Ending a Search
Search Record
Avoiding the Indirect Strategy

 

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Search and Idea Tactics Marcia J. Bates

 

Introduction
Search Tactics
Monitoring Tactics
File Structure Tactics
Search Formulation Tactics
Term Tactics
Some Implications
Idea Tactics
Ideas and Pattern Breaking
The Importance of Location
Idea Generation Tactics
Pattern-Breaking Tactics
General Models

 

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Tactics and Vocabulary in Online Searching Marcia J. Bates

Introduction
Tactics to Use Early
Tactics to Use Later
Effects on Precision and Recall
A Search Using the Tactics
The Size of Output Sets
The Fallacy of the Perfect 30-Item Search
How Does the Fallacy Arise?
Manual vs. Online Searching
Strategies for Dealing with the Fallacy
Database Vocabularies
The Spectrum of Subject Description
Optimal Use of Controlled Vocabularies
Vocabulary Types in a New Database

 

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Pragmatic Bibliography Patrick Wilson

 

Introduction
The View of the Researcher in a Specialty
Non-Specialists as Searchers
Specialists vs. Free Spirits
Implications for Bibliographic Instruction

 

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External Memory Howard D. White

 

Introduction
A Theme for Information Studies
Remembering World 3
Why "External Memory"?
The Word "Information"
Information Systems vs. Library and Information Science
Access
Library Science, Information Science, Librarianship
Information Specialists and External Memory
Information Studies, Tracy and Hepburn
Sizes and the Resnikoff-Dolby Scale
Information Specialists and Reduction of Overload
Customers and the Reduction of Overload
A Partitioning Scheme
The View from Anyone's Office
Current vs. Archival Records
Four Interrelated Disciplines
Conclusion

 

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